Carole A Paley PhD has a background in sports science and sports medicine and then qualified as a physiotherapist in 1995. After specialising in musculoskeletal physiotherapy she became interested in pain and in particular the non-pharmacological treatment of pain and cancer pain. She has practiced acupuncture for over 15 years and is a member of the AACP. She received her PhD in 2013 after a programme of study entitled ‘Acupuncture for Cancer Pain in Adults’. Since the start of her PhD she has published a number of journal articles, a Cochrane review and contributed to book chapters on the physiology of cancer pain and its treatment using acupuncture. Carole currently works at Airedale NHS Foundation Trust as Head of Research.